Different crops need water for them to survive. During rainy seasons, crops get the water they need from the rainfall. When it is not raining, these crops still need water. The crops are watered through irrigation. An irrigation sprinkler is what supplies water to the different crops during irrigation. Also, pumps, valves, and pipes are needed during irrigation. For all the crops to receive water, a good sprinkler is needed. In case you have a big garden, you need to buy a large sprinkler to ensure that water reaches every part of the garden.
Irrigation has been done for many years by crop growers. Crops are irrigated using different irrigation methods. All irrigation methods are not effective in all gardens. Therefore, when irrigating your crops, you need to choose a method which will be effective. Before choosing the irrigation method to use in your garden, you need to know all the irrigation methods so that you can choose the one which is the best for your crops. For your irrigation to be effective, a number of things have to be put into consideration. Some of the factors which need to be considered when doing irrigation are discussed below.
The type of soil in the garden where the crops are grown should be considered. The irrigation method to be used is determined by the type of soil. The type of soil in which the crops are grown also determines the number of times the crops are watered in a day. For instance, sandy soils require frequent irrigation at a high pressure to keep the moisture in the root zone. Clay soils are known to hold water for long periods and so if your garden has clay soil, irrigation should not be done frequently. Also, you should use a minimal amount of water if the garden has clay soil.
Put the land topography into consideration. A land’s topography is the way the land is structured. A land can either be flat, hilly or sloppy. You will be able to prevent water from being wasted during irrigation when you know how your land is structured. If your land is flat, you can irrigate your crops by drip irrigation as the water will run along the topographic lines. To avoid water wastage, pivot and traveler systems should not be used if your land is sloppy or hilly.
The type of crops which are grown should be considered when irrigating. The tools used for irrigation are expensive. Therefore, a lot of money is spent on irrigation, and so you need to irrigate high-value crops. For instance, you should irrigate vegetables and fruits since they are valuable rather than irrigating wheat and soya beans. Above is a discussion of some of the things which should be put in mind when irrigating.